Thomas Edison: How to Electricute an Elephant

See here for a video of an experiment Thomas Edision conducted in 1903 in an attempt to prove AC current is more powerful than DC current.

The video after the jump is of a graphic nature and is horrible quality(What do you expect from video taken in 1903).

To reinforce the execution, Topsy was fed carrots laced with 460 grams of potassium cyanide before the deadly current from a 6,600-volt AC source was sent coursing through her body.

USB 3.0 Released

USB 3.0 Cable
USB 3.0 Cable

USB 3.0 spec has been released! Varying reports, but it looks like USB 3.0 will have 10x higher data rates (4.8Gb/s vs 480Mb/s), higher current (900mA vs 500mA), and a new interrupt driven protocol. You may notice that they have changed the female plug which means I wouldn’t hold my breath when it comes to backwards compatibility. Luckily, we’ve got until 2010.

Perl Modules to Make Your Life Easier

These are some of my favorite perl modules.


The format of config files supported by Config::General is inspired by the well known apache config format, in fact, this module is 100% compatible with apache configs, but you can also just use simple name/value pairs in your config files.

In addition to the capabilities of an apache config file it supports some enhancements such as here-documents, C-style comments or multiline options.

Lethal Electricity Explained

While searching for information on the lethal potential of electrical shock I came across an article by Zach Eveland that provides a clear and simple explanation.

Play safe kiddies.

“…it’s the current that kills, in most cases by interfering with the normal operation of the heart. Be careful though – with the right conditions, shocks way below 1 Amp can be lethal. In designs where you are trying to prevent electrocution, 5 milliamps is considered the upper limit of safe operation. Notice that that’s 5 MILLIamps – barely enough to light an LED.

“The thing to measure is how much current is flowing through the heart and you have to assume the worst case; that someone is holding positive with one hand and negative with the other, letting the electricity go right through their chest and heart. Body and skin resistance, hand-to-hand, varies but 10 kohm is a safe figure to work with (though it can be even less with wet hands and can go much higher, up to hundreds of kohms).

“Here’s an example for figuring current: with a 9V battery and 10 kohm of body resistance, if I hold positive with one hand and negative with the other, the current through my heart is equal to 9V divided by 10 kohm or 0.9 mA – in the safe range.

“One more warning; be careful with this – keep your hands dry, don’t stand in water, have somebody around when you’re testing, don’t shock people with weak hearts, etc.

“In general, [to produce a safe shock, something I don’t recommend – tigoe] you want a high-voltage, very low-current source of electricity, ideally DC since AC voltages are more likely to interfere with heart rhythm. A good value would be several hundred volts at way less than 5 mA. The best design would limit the amount of current to a safe level. Luckily, there are pre-built devices that do this (though I sure as hell won’t vouch for any of them): search eBay for “nerve stimulator” or “TENS”. Other options would be the peizo igniter from a cigarette or BBQ lighter or the flash unit from a disposable camera.

“Again, be safe and smart, and good luck.”
-Zach E