Sounding a Piezo Buzzer

void buzz(int targetPin, long frequency, long length) {
long delayValue = 1000000/frequency/2;
// calculate the delay value between transitions
//// 1 second's worth of microseconds, divided by the frequency,
//// then split in half since there are two phases to each cycle

long numCycles = frequency * length/ 1000;
// calculate the number of cycles for proper timing
//// multiply frequency, which is really cycles per second, by the
//// number of seconds to get the total number of cycles to produce
for (long i=0; i < numCycles; i++){ // for the calculated length of time... digitalWrite(targetPin,HIGH); // write the buzzer pin high to push out the diaphram delayMicroseconds(delayValue); // wait for the calculated delay value digitalWrite(targetPin,LOW); // write the buzzer pin low to pull back the diaphram delayMicroseconds(delayValue); // wait again for the calculated delay value } }

Check Amount Of Free RAM

// this function will return the number of bytes currently free in RAM
int memoryTest() {
int byteCounter = 0; // initialize a counter
byte *byteArray; // create a pointer to a byte array
// More on pointers here: (external link)

// use the malloc function to repeatedly attempt
// allocating a certain number of bytes to memory
// More on malloc here: (external link)
while ( (byteArray = (byte*) malloc (byteCounter * sizeof(byte))) != NULL ) {
byteCounter++; // if allocation was successful, then up the count for the next try
free(byteArray); // free memory after allocating it

free(byteArray); // also free memory after the function finishes
return byteCounter; // send back the highest number of bytes successfully allocated

Display the value of a 10K potentimeter to the serial console.

Display the value of a 10K potentimeter to the serial console.
Copyright: 2007

/* The analog pin connect to pot. */
int p1 = 2;
int p1_val = 0;

void setup() {
pinMode(p1, INPUT);

void loop() {
p1_val = analogRead(p1);
Serial.println(p1_val, DEC);



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